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Europe (Hemisphere, countries)

Europe is a continent that is located in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It’s bordered is by the Arctic Ocean to the north, Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It is connected to Asia by the Ural Mountains and the Caucasus Mountains. It is the second smallest continent by surface area and is made up of 44 countries.

europe map removebg preview e1673771977462 300x225 Europe (Hemisphere, countries)

 

Europe flag

The flag of Europe, also known as the Flag of Europe or the European Flag, is a blue field with a circle of twelve five-pointed gold (yellow) stars, arranged in the pattern of the night sky over the original twelve member states of the European Union (EU). The blue represents the west, while the stars are meant to symbolize unity and solidarity. The flag was designed by a Belgian artist Paul M. G. Lévy in 1955, and adopted by the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1986.

europe 300x199 Europe (Hemisphere, countries)

 

The flag of Europe is not the official flag of the European Union and it is not used by all European Union countries as their official flag. Each country has its own national flag and the European Union flag is mostly used as a symbol of the EU and the European integration process.

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How many Countries in Europe

There are 44 countries in Europe, including:

  1. Albania
  2. Andorra
  3. Austria
  4. Belarus
  5. Belgium
  6. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  7. Bulgaria
  8. Croatia
  9. Cyprus
  10. Czech Republic
  11. Denmark
  12. Estonia
  13. Finland
  14. France
  15. Germany
  16. Greece
  17. Hungary
  18. Iceland
  19. Ireland
  20. Italy
  21. Kosovo
  22. Latvia
  23. Liechtenstein
  24. Lithuania
  25. Luxembourg
  26. Malta
  27. Moldova
  28. Monaco
  29. Montenegro
  30. Netherlands
  31. North Macedonia
  32. Norway
  33. Poland
  34. Portugal
  35. Romania
  36. Russia
  37. San Marino
  38. Serbia
  39. Slovakia
  40. Slovenia
  41. Spain
  42. Sweden
  43. Switzerland
  44. Ukraine

Please note that some countries like Cyprus and Kosovo are only recognized by some countries as independent states.

 

Northern Europe

Northern Europe is a geographical and cultural region that includes several countries in Europe that are located in the northern part of the continent. The exact boundaries of Northern Europe are not well-defined and can vary depending on the context. In general, Northern Europe includes the following countries:

  1. Denmark
  2. Estonia
  3. Finland
  4. Iceland
  5. Ireland
  6. Latvia
  7. Lithuania
  8. Norway
  9. Sweden
  10. United Kingdom (in part, only Scotland and England are considered as part of Northern Europe)

It is worth noting that some sources include other countries such as Germany, Poland, and the Czech Republic as part of Northern Europe, while others do not. The term Northern Europe is often used to refer to the countries in this region that are located closer to the Arctic Circle and have a cooler climate and longer winters than the countries in southern Europe.

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South Europe

Southern Europe is a geographical and cultural region that includes several countries in Europe that are located in the southern part of the continent. The exact boundaries of Southern Europe are not well-defined and can vary depending on the context. In general, Southern Europe includes the following countries:

  1. Albania
  2. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  3. Croatia
  4. Greece
  5. Italy
  6. Malta
  7. Montenegro
  8. Portugal
  9. Serbia
  10. Slovenia
  11. Spain
  12. Cyprus

Some sources include other countries such as Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania and some parts of France, and the United Kingdom as part of Southern Europe, while others do not. The term Southern Europe is often used to refer to the countries in this region that are located closer to the Mediterranean Sea, characterized by milder and wetted winters and hotter summers than the countries in Northern Europe.

 

Eastern Europe

Eastern Europe is a geographical and cultural region that includes several countries in Europe that are located east of Germany, Austria, and Italy. The exact landmark of Eastern Europe is not well-defined and can vary depending on the context. In general, Eastern Europe includes the following countries:

  1. Belarus
  2. Bulgaria
  3. Czech Republic
  4. Hungary
  5. Poland
  6. Romania
  7. Russia
  8. Slovakia
  9. Ukraine

Some sources consider some countries like Croatia, Slovenia, and the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) being part of Eastern Europe, while others do not. The term Eastern Europe has been used historically to refer to the former Soviet-controlled states and countries of the Eastern bloc during the Cold War period.

 

Western Europe

Western Europe is a geographical and cultural region that includes several countries in Europe that are located west of Germany, Austria, and Italy. The exact boundaries of Western Europe are not well-defined and can vary depending on the context. In general, Western Europe includes the following countries:

  1. Austria
  2. Belgium
  3. France
  4. Germany
  5. Ireland
  6. Italy
  7. Luxembourg
  8. Netherlands
  9. Portugal
  10. Spain
  11. Switzerland

Some sources include other countries such as the United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, and Finland as part of Western Europe, while others do not. The term Western Europe is often used to refer to the developed and industrialized countries of Europe, in contrast to the less developed countries in Eastern and Southern Europe.

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Small countries in Europe

Europe is home to many small countries, some of which are:

  1. Andorra: situated between France and Spain, it has an area of 468 km² and a population of around 77,000.
  2. Monaco: located on the Mediterranean coast, it has an area of 2.02 km² and a population of around 39,000.
  3. San Marino: an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, it has an area of 61.2 km² and a population of around 34,000.
  4. Liechtenstein: a small country located between Switzerland and Austria, it has an area of 160 km² and a population of around 38,000.
  5. Malta: an island country in the Mediterranean Sea, it has an area of 316 km² and a population of around 500,000.
  6. Luxembourg: located between Belgium, Germany and France, it has an area of 2,586 km² and a population of around 626,000.
  7. Cyprus: an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean, it has an area of 9,251 km² and a population of around 1,207,000.
  8. Iceland: island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean, it has an area of 103,000 km² and a population of around 364,000.
  9. Gibraltar: A British Overseas Territory located on the southern coast of Spain, it has an area of 6.8 km² and a population of around 34,000.

These are just some examples of small countries in Europe, there are many other small countries and territories in Europe, like Vatican City, which is the smallest country in the world with an area of 0.44 km².

 

Largest countries in Europe

The largest countries in Europe by land area are:

  1. Russia: with an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers, it is the largest country in the world and covers more than one-eighth of the Earth’s total land area.
  2. Ukraine: with an area of 603,628 square kilometers.
  3. France: with an area of 643,801 square kilometers.
  4. Spain: with an area of 505,944 square kilometers.
  5. Sweden: with an area of 450,295 square kilometers.
  6. Germany: with an area of 357,368 square kilometers.
  7. Norway: with an area of 323,802 square kilometers.
  8. Finland: with an area of 338,434 square kilometers.
  9. Poland: with an area of 312,696 square kilometers.
  10. Italy: with an area of 301,338 square kilometers.

Please note that some sources might consider other countries as well, like Kazakhstan and Turkey as part of Europe, due to their geographic location and cultural ties.

 

What is the total Europe population

The total population of Europe is difficult to determine as it is a continent made up of many countries with different population sizes and growth rates. However, you can find population information for individual European countries by searching online for population data from the United Nations or other reliable sources. As of 2021, the estimated total population of Europe is around 743 million people. However, this figure is constantly changing due to factors such as birth rates, death rates, and migration. It is worth noting that the population figures for Europe are subject to change and can fluctuate due to various factors such as population growth, migration, and birth and death rates.

Largest city in Europe

The largest city in Europe by population is Istanbul, Turkey, with a population of over 15 million people. Istanbul is a major city located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, and it is the economic, cultural and historical center of Turkey.

Other large cities in Europe include:

  1. Moscow, Russia: with a population of over 12 million people.
  2. London, United Kingdom: with a population of over 8.9 million people.
  3. St. Petersburg, Russia: with a population of over 5.3 million people.
  4. Berlin, Germany: with a population of over 3.5 million people.
  5. Madrid, Spain: with a population of over 3.2 million people.
  6. Rome, Italy: with a population of over 2.8 million people.
  7. Kiev, Ukraine: with a population of over 2.8 million people.
  8. Paris, France: with a population of over 2.2 million people.
  9. Bucharest, Romania: with a population of over 2 million people.
  10. Athens, Greece: with a population of over 3 million people.

The population figures for the cities are subject to change and can fluctuate due to various factors such as population growth, migration, and birth and death rates.

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What is Europe currency?

The currency used in Europe varies depending on the country. Some countries use their own national currency, while others have adopted the Euro as their official currency.

The Euro is the official currency of 19 out of 27 European Union member states, known as the Eurozone. These countries are:

  1. Austria
  2. Belgium
  3. Cyprus
  4. Estonia
  5. Finland
  6. France
  7. Germany
  8. Greece
  9. Ireland
  10. Italy
  11. Latvia
  12. Lithuania
  13. Luxembourg
  14. Malta
  15. Netherlands
  16. Portugal
  17. Slovakia
  18. Slovenia
  19. Spain

Other countries in Europe use their own national currency, such as:

  • United Kingdom uses Pound Sterling
  • Norway uses Norwegian Krone
  • Switzerland uses Swiss franc
  • Denmark uses Danish krone
  • Sweden uses Swedish krona
  • Czech Republic uses Czech koruna
  • Poland uses Polish złoty
  • Hungary uses Hungarian forint
  • Bulgaria uses Bulgarian lev
  • Romania uses Romanian leu
  • Serbia uses Serbian dinar
  • Russia uses Russian ruble
  • Turkey uses Turkish lira

Some countries like Kosovo and Montenegro use Euro as their official currency, but they are not members of the European Union.

 

 

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Countries in Europe

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